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Are you experiencing abnormal menstrual bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding or infertility? An endometrial biopsy can provide valuable insights into your reproductive health. Our team of skilled gynaecologists specialises in the latest medical technology and techniques.
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An endometrial biopsy follows a general procedure. But keep in mind that it may vary depending on your condition.
The endometrial biopsy procedure typically involves the following steps:
1. During an endometrial biopsy, your gynaecologist would ask you to undress fully or from the waist down and put on a hospital gown.
2. Our skilled gynaecologist will insert a speculum into your vagina to spread the walls apart to view the cervix. Then, the gynaecologist cleans the cervix with an antiseptic solution.
3. The gynaecologist may numb the area using a small needle to inject medicine or apply a numbing spray to your cervix.
4. A forceps hold the cervix steady for the biopsy, which can cause minimal cramping.
5. Our gynaecologist may also insert a thin, rod-like instrument called a uterine sound to determine the length of the uterus and the location for the biopsy.
6. Next, the gynaecologist would insert a thin tube (called a catheter) through the cervical opening into the uterus. The catheter has a smaller tube inside it. The gynaecologist will withdraw the inner tube to create suction at the end of the catheter.
7. Our gynaecologist will then gently rotate and move the tip of the catheter in and out to collect small pieces of endometrial tissue, which can cause some cramping.
8. The amount and location of tissue removed will depend on the reason for the endometrial biopsy.
9. The gynaecologist will remove the catheter and speculum once the sample is taken.
10. The sample will then be placed in a preservative and sent to a lab for study.
An endometrial biopsy can diagnose conditions like abnormal uterine bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial cancer or infertility.
Some women may experience mild cramping or discomfort, while others may feel moderate to severe pain. Your doctor may suggest taking an over-the-counter pain reliever before the procedure.
The procedure takes less than ten minutes. But the preparation and recovery may take longer.
The risks of an endometrial biopsy are usually insignificant. It includes cramping, bleeding, infection and perforation of the uterus. Sometimes it can cause damage to the cervix, bowel or bladder.
After the procedure, you may experience mild cramping or spotting for a few days. Your doctor will provide post-procedure instructions, including when to resume normal activities and when to follow up.